Consider the three conditions for a solution of critical section problem to be a correct solution: Mutual Exclusion, Progress and Bounded Waiting. Please explain
(1) Mutual Exclusion: If process Pi is executing in its critical section, then no other processes can be executing in their critical sections.
(2) Progress: If no process is execution in its critical section and there exist some processes that wish to enter their critical section, then the selection of the process that will enter the critical section next cannot be postponed indefinitely.
(3) Bounded Waiting: A bound must exist on the number of times that other processes are allowed to enter their critical sections after a process has made a request to enter its critical section and before that request is granted.
2.While Peterson’s solution is correct, please discuss the situation where P1 and P2 are entering the Critical Section at about the same time. How to decide which process can enter its Critical Section?
If both processes try to enter at the same time, turn is set to both i and j at roughly the same time.Only one of these assignments lasts; the other will occur, but will be overwritten immediately.
The eventual value of turn decides which of the two processes is allowed to enter its critical section first.
Please specify under what kind of situation where busy waiting can be considered advantageous?
Busy waiting wastes CPU cycles that some other process might be able to use productively. This type of semaphore is also called spinlock.
4.Consider the reader program of the reader-writer problem below. Please explain
(1) why the readers need to use the semaphore “mutex” but the writers don’t.
(2) why the readers also work on the “wrt” semaphore which is used by the writers.
if (readcount == 1)
reading is performed
if (readcount == 0)
(1)No reader will be kept waiting unless a writer has already obtained permission to use the shared database.
(2)Once a writer is ready, that writer performs its write as soon as possible. If a writer is waiting to access the object, no new readers may start reading.
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